The 9 months of pregnancy represent a delicate period for the mother as well as for the baby. Physical changes are expected and teeth make no exception.
Due to the increasing levels of hormones during pregnancy, the gums may begin to swell, bleed, leading to inflammation and possible dental problems.
In order to minimise the risk of developing dental infections while pregnant, ideally would be to undergo all the necessary dental checks before deciding to become a mother because things may be a little complicated during pregnancy.
Certainly, this may not always be possible since in most cases a pregnancy is not always scheduled. Nevertheless, dental checkups should be regular whether one plans to get pregnant or not.
What are the unsafe/safe dental treatments for a pregnant woman?
During pregnancy, saliva becomes acidic, and some bacteria grow and multiply much faster, favouring the appearance of caries and tartar. It is essential that a soon-to-be-mom focuses on the oral cavity hygiene as much as she focuses on other aspects of the pregnancy (e.g. diet, fitness, etc.).
However, there are certain dental treatments that should be avoided, while others are essential.
As such, pregnant women cannot undergo dental extractions, dental implants, and generally, any surgical work requiring anaesthesia, so regular checkups are very important. For other dental works, such as fillings or crowns, should be done to reduce the risk of various infections. If such work is to be done during pregnancy, the best period to do it is in the second trimester. Once you reach the third trimester, it may be very difficult to lie down on your back for a long time.
Additionally, elective treatments, such as tooth whitening or other cosmetic procedures, can be – and should – be postponed until after birth. It is best to avoid exposing your developing child to as little risk as possible, however small it may be.
On the other hand, the most important treatment throughout the pregnancy is prophylaxis. It prevents dental and periodontal disease, thus preventing complications. The oral cavity must always be very clean to prevent the appearance of caries and gingivitis.
How to have healthy teeth during pregnancy?
Between the 6th and 8th week of pregnancy, the little one develops “the buds” from which his/her teeth will grow later on. For this, the baby will absorb vitamins and minerals from your diet, more precisely calcium. If you do not have enough calcium in your daily diet, the baby will begin to absorb it from your bones and teeth.
On average, a pregnant woman needs about 1100 mg of calcium per day, equivalent to a glass of milk, a yoghurt jar, or a cheese and salmon sandwich. A single cup of milk brings about 300 mg of calcium. Other foods rich in calcium include soy beverages, almonds, broccoli. Avoid salt, caffeine and carbonated drinks, which reduce body’s calcium reserves.
Besides calcium, a pregnant woman’s diet must include sufficient intake of both phosphorus and vitamins A, C and D.
Like carrot and celery, an apple is a very useful natural toothbrush. Stimulates the gums and saliva (removing food particles from the teeth), reduces acidity in the oral cavity and the caries-causing bacteria.
With that being said, I wish you a lovely and safe pregnancy! If you would like more information on dental health during pregnancy, please visit When to Visit the Dentist During Pregnancy-OralB