François-Marie Arouet, or better known by his pseudonym, Voltaire, was born on November 21, 1694 in Paris. In his literary career of over 60 years, he has written many influential poems, essays and books, including “Candide” and “Letters on England”. His meticulous spirit and provocative ideas about religion, freedom and ethics brought him fame at the courts of Europe, which helped him to strengthen his reputation as one of the fundamental figures of the Enlightenment Era.
A declared enemy of any injustice, Voltaire practiced criticism in every form of institutional religion, but also in political misunderstandings. In fact his political conception is based on the harmony between the political monarchs and the philosophers who hold the wisdom. Voltaire is also the highest spirit of his time, his doctrine being one of the foundations of the Revolution of 1789. Together with Jean-Jacques Rousseau, they were among the initiators of the French Revolution.
So, let’s review some of the greatest thoughts of the philosopher Voltaire that attracted so much disdain:
1.God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well.
2. Optimism is the madness of insisting that all is well when we are miserable.
3. It is better to risk saving a guilty man than to condemn an innocent one.
4.Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.
5. It is not love that should be depicted as blind, but self-love.
6. Faith consists in believing when it is beyond the power of reason to believe.
7. Every man is guilty of all the good he did not do
8. When it is a question of money, everybody is of the same religion.
9. It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.
10. We are all full of weakness and errors; let us mutually pardon each other our follies – it is the first law of nature.
11. It is lamentable, that to be a good patriot one must become the enemy of the rest of mankind.
12. It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established authorities are wrong.
13. I die adoring God, loving my friends, not hating my enemies, and detesting superstition.
14. The ear is the avenue to the heart
15. To the wicked everything serves as pretext.
16. History is only the register of crimes and misfortunes
17. The secret of being a bore is to tell everything
18. If God didn’t exist, it would be necessary to invent Him
19. Opinion has caused more trouble on this little earth than plagues or earthquakes
20. It is difficult to free fools from the chains they revere.